Types of Exercise

There are four types of exercise - Endurance, Strength, Flexibility and Balance. Each type has its own specific health benefits. By including all four types in an exercise routine, you will receive the benefits each type offers, avoid boredom and lower your risk of injury.

Endurance (Aerobic) Endurance, or aerobic, exercises increase breathing and heart rate during activity. This strengthens the heart and lungs and improves blood flow. Examples of Endurance Exercises: Brisk walking, running, dancing, biking, swimming, playing sports such as basketball, tennis and soccer

Strength Strength exercises make muscles stronger. Strong muscles are important in carrying out daily tasks, such as climbing stairs or carrying groceries. Examples of Strength Exercises: Weight lifting, using a resistance band, push-ups, sit-ups

Flexibility Flexibility exercises improve the range of motion of muscles and help joints work smoothly. Flexible muscles help the body bend, stoop, reach and move easily. Examples of Flexibility Exercises: stretching (legs, arms, shoulders), yoga poses

Balance Balance exercises improve body alignment and ability to respond to physical obstacles. Increased balance can help prevent falls. Examples of Balance Exercises: Tai Chi, standing on one foot, heel-to-toe walk, yoga poses