Low Blood Sugar

Chances are better than ever that a woman with diabetes will have a healthy baby. The first step is to get good control of your diabetes before you conceive. To prevent problems for the mother and baby, the American Diabetes Association (ADA) suggests that blood sugars be kept at or near the normal range. This will help to prevent problems.

If your blood sugar drops too low, you can have a low blood sugar reaction, called hypoglycemia. Hypoglycemia is a blood sugar of less than 70.

What can it be caused by:

  • Too much insulin
  • Missing a meal
  • Delaying a meal
  • Exercising too much
  • Drinking too much alcohol

What does low blood sugar feel like?

  • Shaky or dizzy
  • Sweaty
  • Hungry
  • Headache
  • Sudden mood change
  • Confused
  • Rapid heart beat

What to do? If you are not sure if your sugar is low, test your blood sugar.

  • Eat or drink something that turns to sugar such as:
  • 1 cup of milk
  • ½ cup of fruit juice
  • ½ cup of soda (not diet soda)
  • 5 Life Savers®
  • 3-4 glucose tablets
  • 1 small box of raisins
  • 1 big spoonful of sugar or honey

- Wait 15 or 20 minutes. Test your blood sugar. If it is still low, eat or drink something again. - If you take insulin and your blood sugar gets too low, you may get very confused. You may also pass out. You will need to get help right away. If you cannot eat or drink, you will need a shot of glucagon. Make sure you tell people around you when and how to give glucagon. - If glucagon is not available, call 911 or have someone take you to the nearest emergency room for help.

How can I prevent low blood sugar?

  • Eat your meals on time.
  • Take your diabetes medication as prescribed.
  • Test your blood sugar often.
  • Ask your doctor about exercise and food.
  • Ask your doctor about drinking alcohol.